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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle found in the catalog.

Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle

Hendrickson, William Woodbury, 1844-1915.

Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle

by Hendrickson, William Woodbury, 1844-1915.

  • 116 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Naval institute in Annapolis .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Spherical astronomy.,
  • Spherical projection.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared by Professor W. W. Hendrickson
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQB147 .H49
    The Physical Object
    Pagination31 p.
    Number of Pages31
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6954811M
    LC Control Number05013172
    OCLC/WorldCa17788500

    To get the coordinates of the point $Q$ from those of the point $P$ consider the two similar triangles (on the right). By comparing the vertical sides of these. Make a note explaining why must be the image of a great circle (using the properties of stereographic projection). Make a GreatCircle AB tool. (This will have the equatorial givens as givens in the tool as well as A and B.) Use your tool to draw great circles that form a triangle ABC in S-geometry. Note the triangle A*B*C*.

    Theorem 2: Stereographic projection is circle preserving. Proof: Pick a circle on S not containing N and let A be the vertex of the cone tangent to S at this circle (Fig. 7). In the plane NZAconstruct Ap parallel to traverses the circle, jA−Zj is constant, but Az and az make equal angles with Nz, so the triangle AZp is isoceles and jA File Size: 56KB. Stereographic Projection. Stereographic projection is a way of projecting onto. Intuitively, it can be thought of as the process of puncturing the sphere and stretching it out flat, onto Euclidean space. It too can be used as an aid to visualization. Stereographic Projection of.

    image in the projection sphere. Some more words: rolling circles. The sphere that we have chosen for our stereographic projection only has some very identified details (equator, poles, polar diameter), reason why it shines a transparent point to our curious eyes. There is a curve that deserves a special mention: the cycloid, the hypocycloid and the. The scale of the stereographic projection increases with distance from the point of tangency, but it increases more slowly than in the gnomonic projection. The stereo-graphic projection can show an entire hemisphere without excessive distortion (Figure b).As in other azimuthal projections, great circles through the point of tangency appear as straight lines.


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Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle by Hendrickson, William Woodbury, 1844-1915. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle, [William Woodbury Hendrickson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : William Woodbury Hendrickson. Title: Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle: Authors: HENDRICKSON, WILLIAM WOODBURY: Publication: Annapolis, U.

Naval institute, Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle, prepared by Professor W. Hendrickson c The stereographic projection was known to Hipparchus, Ptolemy and probably earlier to the was originally known as the planisphere projection.

Planisphaerium by Ptolemy is the oldest surviving document that describes it. One of its most important uses was the representation of celestial charts. The term planisphere is still used to refer to such charts. • Stereographic projection can be used to measure the angle between any two lines.

• First the lines are plotted and then then the overlay is rotated until these two points lie on the same great circle of the stereonet and the angle between the two lines is determined by counting the small circle divisions between the points along the great.

Stereographic projection (p.m. Aug ) 6 C We want to show that the section of the cone by this plane is a circle. C A′ B′ a b P If P is any point of this intersection and P′ is the foot of the perpendicular from P to A′B′, we must show that PP′2 = A′P′ P′B′.Pass a plane parallel to the original one through the line PP′, and let a and b be the points on.

One approach might be using the fact that Möbius transformations are conformal (if you know that), and you can show that a stereographic projection onto the sphere combined with a rotation of the sphere combined with a stereographic projection back to the plane will result in a.

The term is loosely used to refer to any clock that shows, in addition to the time of day, astronomical information. This could include the location of the sun and moon in the sky, the age and Lunar phases, the position of the sun on the ecliptic and the current zodiac sign, the sidereal time, and other astronomical data such as the moon's nodes (for indicating eclipses) or a.

The Stereographic Projection E. Whittaker 1. The Purpose of the Stereographic Projection in Crystallography The stereographic projection is a projection of points from the surface of a sphere on to its equatorial plane. The projection is defined as shown in Fig. An easy way to get intuition for this is to note that those formulas for the stereographic projection give equations for the point on the unit sphere (which you've labeled as $(x_1, x_2, x_3)$) if you draw a line through the north pole of the sphere (i.e.

$(x_1, x_2, x_3) =. Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle, (Annapolis, U.S. Naval institute, ), by William Woodbury Hendrickson (page images at HathiTrust) An introduction to practical astronomy: with a collection of astronomical tables.

South Poles as defined in the projection above. However, when plotting directional data in structural geology, they do represent the North and South geographic directions. As defined in our projection, the N and S poles would plot directly above and below the center of the stereonet.

Stereographic Projection of Crystal Faces Page 3 of 6 9/7/ Proof that stereographic projection preserves circles. As mentioned above, stereographic projection has two important characteristics.

One being that stereographic projection preserves angles and the other being that stereographic projection preserves circles. We now include a proof of this fact done in illustrations as well as an algebraic proof.

Notes on stereographic projection and the astronomical triangle, (Annapolis, U.S. Naval institute, ), by William Woodbury Hendrickson (page images at HathiTrust) An introduction to practical astronomy: with a collection of astronomical tables.

(New York: Harper & Brothers, ), by Elias Loomis (page images at HathiTrust). 2 STEREOGRAPHIC PROJECTION IS CONFORMAL Stereographic projection is conformal, meaning that it preserves angles between curves. To see this, take a point p ∈ S2 \ {n}, let Tp denote the tangent plane to S2 at p, and let Tn denote File Size: 58KB.

stereographic projection has the property that all circles on the sphere are mapped onto circles or straight lines on the plane, and therefore it is easy to map astronomical observations.

We include a construction in Section3. Up to the late 18th century the Mercator and stereographic projections were treated as completely unrelated.

The stereographic projection is conformal, i.e., the image of an angle on the sphere is an angle in $ of the same size. and II. establish the the stereographic projection has the desired mapping properties.

The proofs are based on the following Lemma. The image of a tangent segment to a point P on the sphere between P and $ isFile Size: 82KB. I.4 Stereographic Projection (Not Examinable!) A complex number z = x+iy ∈C can be represented as point (x,y) in the plane R2.

One can also associate a point (u,v,w) on the unit sphere S = {(u,v,w) ∈R3 |u2 +v2 +w2 = 1}, called the, with a given point (x,y) in the plane. The associated mapping is called stereographic projection. • •. Lecture Notes - Mineralogy - Stereographic Projections • The stereographic projection is a device use by mineralogists and structural geologists to represent 3-dimensional information in two dimensions.

Mineralogists use a Wulff stereonet, which is constructed from a simple geometric recipe. Structural geologists use a SchmidtFile Size: 19KB.

The Astronomical Triangle: Angular Size In astronomy we are limited by the fact that we are looking at the sky as a two-dimensional spherical shell in the sky with no immediate knowledge of the distance to an object, Hence the true size or width across the sky of an astrophysical object in physical units of distance like km or light-years is.

Maths - Stereographic Projection - Riemann Sphere. This page overlaps with the page here, I need to combine them.

The book explains how to represent complex transformations such as the Möbius transformations. It also shows how complex .This is a perspective projection on a plane tangent at the center point from the point antipodal to the center point.

The center point is a pole in the common polar aspect, but can be any point. This projection has two significant properties.

It is conformal, being free from angular distortion.Astronomical Coordinate Systems The coordinate systems of astronomical importance are nearly all spherical coordinate systems. The obvious reason for this is that most all astronomical objects are remote from the earth and so appear to move on the backdrop of the celestial sphere.

While one may still use a spherical coordinateFile Size: KB.